It often happens that a particular issue pops up several times in a short space of time. Recently I’ve been asked to help a few people with their cover letters.
Many think the cover letter is less important than getting the application form or CV right. That’s a mistake because while there are many who take little notice of cover letters, there will certainly be those for whom it makes the difference between getting past the first stage of selection or not.
Some employers specifically ask applicants to deliver their application form or CV with a cover letter. This is clearly an opportunity to impress over your competitors who may not have taken it as seriously.
So what can you do to make the most of the cover letter? As always, ask yourself what the reader will be looking for. Some people read the cover letter before looking at the rest of the application, which is what you would assume, but some read it after. It’s safe to assume that those who read it first are expecting you to provide them with enough information to enable them to decide whether you are a credible candidate worthy of having the rest of the application materials looked at or not.
Where the cover letter is read after, you can assume that they make the decision that you are a worthy candidate from the CV or application form, and the letter is subsequently read to see how good you are at articulating your case in writing.
Either way, a good letter will help.
You therefore need to think about content and style, and you need to keep it short. Unless otherwise stated I would not recommend more than a single side, and as usual that does not mean reducing font size and margin width. It means 4 – 500 words as a general rule. There are many examples online and they mostly say the same thing about format and content so I won’t dwell on it.
Think about the key competencies the employer is looking for, and mention the achievements you have that relate to those competencies. You won’t be able to cover everything, so don’t try. Focus on the most important two or three.
The other thing they will probably care about is your motivation, so tell them briefly why you think this role is good for your career development.
In terms of style, write in a way that is readable and flowing. efficient lists of information may help you to get more information across but that is what your CV is for. The letter is your chance to engage the reader, to draw them in, so it needs to be interesting to read. Make them want to know more about you. Don’t attempt to tell them everything you can.